African-American Culture

From early black settlements of the 1820s, to stops in Indianapolis along the Underground Railroad, African Americans have played an essential role in the growth of Indianapolis. The Indiana Avenue District was the commercial and social hub of black Indianapolis where some of the hottest jazz spots in the Midwest drew the likes of Duke Ellington and Ella Fitzgerald. 

Today, Indy is a city filled with African American cultural attractions. Indiana Black Expo Summer Celebration is the longest-running cultural event in the country, and Circle City Classic brings historic black colleges to square off in Lucas Oil Stadium. Everyday, there are places and events that connect with our heritage and showcase African American life in the city.

 

 

Attractions

Indiana Avenue Cultural District

Indiana Avenue is home to the Madame CJ Walker Theatre Center, and beginning in 1821 was home to a popular jazz scene that lasted until the 1970s. At the height of its jazz era, “The Avenue” featured over 33 jazz clubs with headliners including Duke Ellington, Ella Fitzgerald, Nat King Cole, and more. Indiana Avenue also housed the first black-owned business in Indianapolis. In 1865, Samuel G. Smother opened a grocery store and later in 1879 The Indianapolis Leader was the first African American-owned newspaper in Indy.


Madame Walker Theatre

Madame Walker Theatre

Madame CJ Walker is famous for being self-made. The daughter of a former slave, Walker worked her way up to run an empire which made her one of the wealthiest, successful women in the 20th century. The Walker Manufacturing plant is now the Madame Walker Theatre Center which commemorates her zeal and drive for success. The building itself is a symbol of African-American pride and continues to be a beacon within the community.


Eiteljorg Collection of African Art at Butler University

This collection was gifted as a teaching collection to coincide with classes offered in the Art History Department. Consisting of various objects including materials made from wood, iron, ivory, clay, and brass, many pieces had ceremonial uses and relate to other activities which define the traditional, historical, and cultural aspects of West African life. Today, 32 African objects remain in Butler University’s collection.


Dr. Martin Luther King Park and Landmark for Peace Memorial

Landmark for Peace

The memorial was named for the famous civil rights leader and extends over 14 acres in Center Township of Indy. In 1968, Robert F. Kennedy visited the park initially to campaign, however instead had to deliver the news of Dr. King’s assassination. The video below was created to commemorate that fateful day. Landmark for Peace was dedicated by former President Bill Clinton in 1995 to honor both Dr. King and the late Mr. Kennedy for their contributions to our nation.


Follow the North Star at Conner Prairie

Follow the North Star

This theatrical program shows the varying, pre-Civil War attitudes towards African Americans in Indiana. Started in 1998, the program seeks to educate, re-create, and allow participants ages 12 and up about the struggles, dangers, and conditions that fugitive slaves experienced as they headed north to freedom.


Power of Children at The Children’s Museum of Indianapolis

Power of Children

See bravery through the eyes of Ruby Bridges, the first grader who attended the newly desegregated schools of New Orleans in 1960. The largest children’s museum in the world explores art, culture, science, and history in a way that appeals to the kid in all of us.


African Art at Newfields

African American Art

The Eiteljorg Suite of African is made up of more than 400 objects. This collection celebrates the richness and beauty of this culture featuring themes of power, importance of ancestors, life transitions, and more.


Legacy Theater at Indiana State Museum

Legacy Theater is a diverse cultural experience of African American heritage through exhibits, artifacts, and theatrical performances. The theater performs fictional stories based on actual events which change periodically throughout the year.


Indiana Historical Society 

Indiana Historical Society

From the Civil War and Indiana’s role on the Underground Railroad, to the legacies of Madam Walker and others, explore Indiana’s rich history via interactive exhibits, historic images, manuscripts, artifacts, and more.


Crispus Attucks Museum

Crispus Attucks, a black man, was the first person to die in the American Revolution in a slaughter that became known as the Boston Massacre. The Cirspus Attucks Museum was created to educate and memorialize the “first hero of the American Revolution.”


The Cabaret

Cabaret

Captivating artists perform in an intimate venue while guests enjoy classic cocktails and hors d’oeuvres.


Ransom Place Historic Neighborhood

Established in 1897, Ransom Place is the oldest African-American neighborhood in Indianapolis. The neighborhood originally consisted of four dozen homes on six city blocks and inspired the founding of the National Association for African-American Heritage Preservation. Ransom Place was named after Freeman B. Ransom, an attorney and general manager for the Walker Manufacturing Company.


Kuaba Gallery

Kuaba Gallery

This contemporary art gallery features paintings, sculptures, and mixed media works by local, national, and international African American artists.


Indianapolis Central Library Center for African American Literature and Culture

A new initiative of the Indianapolis Public Library celebrates the literary and cultural contributions of African Americans in Indy and elsewhere. Located inside the beautiful, historic Central Library.


Mari Evans Mural on Mass Ave

Mari Evans Mural

Accomplished poet Mari Evans called Indy home, and her legacy is honored with a three-story mural along Massachusetts Avenue in the Mass Ave arts district.

Jazz Masters of Indiana Avenue Mural

Along Indiana Avenue, a street that buzzed with nationally and internationally renowned jazz musicians, you’ll find a mural adorning the side of a music shop and featuring jazz greats like Wes Montgomery, Jimmy Coe, Slide Hampton, and others who developed their craft in Indy.


Freetown Village

Freetown Village Living History Museum presents African American history and culture in unique, entertaining formats. Programs include storytelling, music, hands-on crafts or heritage workshops, and special events. “The Madame Walker Story,” an ongoing program, tells the story of Madame Walker’s life.
 
The ACT was created in 1990 to foster feelings of empowerment and enable self-discovery through the performing arts. The youth development organization uses traditions of African American performing arts to inspire and educate the performers and community through dance, song, and storytelling.

Art & Soul

During the month of February, the Indianapolis Artsgarden's signature program is Art & Soul, an annual celebration of African American art and artists in Indiana. Art & Soul kicks off Black History Month each year for Indianapolis, and features a diverse lineup of music, storytelling, dance, and visual art.

Bethel A.M.E. (African Methodist Episcopal) Church

Soon to lead a new life as a hotel, the Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church is the oldest African American congregation in Indy. Initially the church was organized in 1836 and was added to the National Registry in 1991. Although the congregation sold their deteriorating building in 2016 for future development, they remain together and strong in their faith with plans to build a new church soon. The Bethel A.M.E. Church was great history with our city’s African American community. The church was also a member of the Underground Railroad and has local chapters of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Indiana State Federation of Colored Women’s Club (ISFCW) was organized in the previous church in the early 1900s.

Levi and Catharine Coffin State Historic Site

As conductors on the Underground Railroad, Quakers Levi and Catharine Coffin helped more than 1,000 freedom seekers to safety in Fountain City, Indiana, formerly known as Newport. The city was home to many abolitionists, and Levi reportedly boasted about being the “President of the Underground Railroad.” Their 1839 Federal-style brick home become known as “Grand Central Station” and has been beautifully restored.

Union Literary Institute

Opened in 1846, the Union Literary Institute in Union City, Indiana, was one of the first schools in the U.S. to admit students without regard to race or gender. Notable alumni of the school include James S. Hinton, the first black elected member of the Indiana House of Representatives, and Hiram Revels, the first black U.S. Senator. The site was also a noted stop on the Underground Railroad.

James & Sophia Clemens Farmstead

James and Sophia Clemens were former slaves and the first free black people to purchase land in Darke County, Ohio, in 1818. They became thriving farmers, and due to their success, attracted other former slaves to the area. Longtown became Ohio’s earliest free, black settlement. The Clemens farmstead is the oldest and last remaining agricultural resource of Longtown. As a stop in the Underground Railroad, escaping slaves stayed on the settlement and worked on the farm before continuing their journey north to Canada.

Historic Roberts Settlement

Just thirty miles north of Indianapolis stand the remains of an African American pioneer farm settlement founded in 1835 by free blacks of mixed racial heritage who migrated from the South. The pioneers pursued economic, educational, and religious aspirations with greater freedom and fewer racial barriers, goals which were achieved through hard work and assisted by racially tolerant Quaker and Wesleyan neighbors. Today, a chapel and cemetery are the physical reminders of a once thriving community.

 

 

 

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